Czech higher education dates back six hundred years. In 1348 Emperor Charles IV founded a university in Prague which is the oldest academic institution in Central Europe. It is now called Charles University. Higher education is the highest level of the education system. Since 2001 the three cycle structure has strictly been implemented in higher education (i.e.Bachelor’s, Master’s and Doctoral study programmes). The main tuition language is Czech, however the range of programmes delivered in foreign languages (mainly in English) is expanding in order to cater for international students.
Bachelor degree programmes
Bachelor study programmes are 3 to 4 years in duration (180 – 240 ECTS credits) and constitute the first level of higher education. Graduates receive the academic degree bakalář umění (BcA.) in the field of arts, and bakalář (Bc.) in other fields. The study programme must be completed with a final state examination, which usually includes the presentation and defence of a thesis. Successful graduates may enter the labour market or continue their studies in follow-up master’s programmes in related fields.
Master’s degree programmes
Master study programmes may either follow on from bachelor programmes as follow-up master programmes (2 to 3 years; 60 – 180 ECTS credits), or they may be full programmes (4 to 6 years; 240 – 360 ECTS credits). Programmes focus on the acquisition and application of theoretical knowledge, and on the development of creativity and talent.Graduates in master programmes have to take a final state examination and publicly present and defend a thesis. Studies in medicine, veterinary medicine and hygiene are completed by a demanding state examination, including the presentation and defence of a rigorous thesis.
Studies in master programmes result in the following degrees:
• magistr (Mgr.): Master of humanities, sciences, law, education, pharmacy and theology
• magistr umění (MgA.): Master of Arts
• inženýr (Ing.): Engineer in the field of economics, technical sciences and engineering,agriculture, forestry and military branches of study
• inženýr architekt (Ing. arch.) – Architect in the field of architecture;
• doktor medicíny (MUDr.): Doctor of Human Medicine in the field of medicine
• zubní lékař (MDDr.): Doctor of Dental Medicine in the field of dental medicine
• doktor veterinární medicíny (MVDr.): Doctor of Veterinary Medicine in the field of veterinary medicine
Holders of a “magistr” master degree can sit a demanding state examination in the same field, and present and defend a rigorous thesis. Upon successful completion the following academic degrees are awarded:
doktor práv (JUDr.) in the field of law
doktor filozofie (PhDr.) in the field of humanities, teacher training and social sciences
doktor přírodních věd (RNDr.) in the field of natural sciences
doktor farmacie (PharmDr.) in the field of pharmacy
licenciát teologie (ThLic.) in the field of Catholic theology
licenciát teologie (ThLic.) or “doktor teologie” (ThDr.) in the field of theology, excluding Catholic theology
All the aforementioned academic titles are at master’s level and are written before the holder’s name.
Doctoral programmes (which normally last 3 years) are intended for graduates from master programmes and focus on independent creative work in research, development or the arts. Doctoral studies are completed by way of a state doctoral examination and the public presentation and defence of a doctoral thesis (dissertation) based on original work, which must be published.
Graduates of doctoral study programmes are awarded the academic degree of:
• doktor (Ph.D.)
• doktor teologie (Th.D.) in the field of theology
Those academic titles are written after the holder’s name.
For more information go to:
www.msmt.cz (Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports)
www.naric.cz (National Academic Recognition Information Centre)