Healthcare and Health Insurance in Czech Republic
If you are in Czech Republic as a tourist, student, or you are going to be here temporarily or plan to settle down here for good – you need to have a health insurance.
Health insurance should be concluded by everyone; however, some rules apply to those citizens who come from the European Union countries, Switzerland, Norway, Iceland and Lichtenstein, and different rules to citizens from the other countries. Whereas the citizens from the first group can receive medical care upon submitting the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC), the others will have somewhat more complicated access to the insurance . Tourists can only have travel insurance, and if they are from the European Union countries, then they only need the card issued by their health insurance company. For information you may check out this website : http://www.mzcr.cz/Cizinci/
Almost all health care facilities have concluded contracts for the provision and payment of health care with health insurers and provide health care to patients without direct payment.
In Czech Republic healthcare services are provided as follow :
- outpatient care,
- institutional care (inpatient),
- company preventive care facilities,
- urgent care facilities,
- facilities for transporting the sick,
- injured and women in childbirth,
- spa care facilities,
- facilities dealing with medications and health aids, and
- dental products.
Here is quick comment on various services provided
Out Patient :
When falling ill, a patient usually go to a primary care doctor who works in the patient’s local area. These are general practitioners, pediatricians, dentists and gynecologists.
When choosing a doctor, it is necessary to bear in mind that it is only possible to register with a doctor who has a contract with your insurer for the provision of health care.
To be treated by a primary care doctor, it is necessary to register with that doctor. The doctor may refuse such registration only in cases where acceptance would mean such a workload for the doctor that he could not provide adequate care to the patient or other patients already in his care.
The doctor may not refuse treatment in cases of urgent care (injury, acute illness); however, after such treatment, the patient is transferred to his or her own doctor. If the patient is refused, he or she has the right to have the refusal in writing. If you have doubts about this, contact the healthcare department at your local authority with a request for investigation.
Patients can visit specialists in the Czech Republic without a recommendation from their primary care doctor.
If the character of the illness requires such, the general practitioner or outpatient specialist cnan recommend the patient for treatment in hospital or can directly arrange for admission.
Inpatient care is provided not only in hospitals, but also in a network of specialist medical institutions. These include institutions for chronic illnesses, mental hospitals, physiotherapeutic institutions, sanatoria and night sanatoria, institutions treating tuberculosis and respiratory illnesses and health resorts.
Emergency Services :
In cases of sudden illness or injury, health care can be secured outside of surgery hours or in the absence of an attendant doctor. This is provided depending on local conditions: In smaller areas, it is usually managed among doctors who mutually represent one another; in larger localities, there are organized emergency services in special surgeries or in hospital emergency rooms. Emergency services are also available for urgent dental conditions.
In the case of urgent serious illness, when the patient cannot get to a doctor alone and where transport to a medical facility and fast treatment is essential, ambulance services are dispatched to avoid a dangerous deterioration of health or threat to life.
An ambulance can be requested by telephoning number 155.