Czech Education system follows the standards of International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) approved in 1997 by UNESCO.The education system consists of preschools, elementary, high schools, colleges, training colleges and universities.
Pre-primary education is in the Czech Republic represented by nursery schools. This education has a long tradition here. Attendance is not compulsory, but very common. Nursery schools are visited by children aged 3 – 5 years. (ISCED 0 )
Primary and lower secondary education ( Compulsory education)
Tt is mandatory and consists from:
I.Section – for pupils from 6 to 11 years (ISCED 1)
II. Section – for pupils from 11 to 15 years, alternatively grammar school (for pupils from 11 or 13 to 19 years) or conservatoire (ISCED 2)
Higher secondary education
- for pupils from 15 to 19 years (ISCED 3)
- grammar school – continuation in 8– or 6-year-long type, or starting at 4-year-long programme
- secondary school – ending with so called maturita (A-level, 4-year-studium) or secondary school concluded with apprenticeship certificate (2– or 3-year-studium)
- conservatoire – education in artistic fields (music, dance, singing, dramatical arts etc.), it is concluded by maturita (A-level)
Post-secondary (non-tertiary) education
- a degree between secondary and tercial degree of education (ISCED 4)
- post-secondary education completed by maturita – 1– or 2-year-long study for the graduates of secondary schools ended with apprenticeship certificate
- post-A-level education: language (usualy English) 1-year-long study; might by combined with other subjects
Undergraduate and graduate degree (ISCED 5)
- tertiary professional school – 3-year-long study, concluded by absolutoriium certificate and a degree of specialist with a diploma (DiS.)
- Bachelor studies – 3– or 4-year-long programme concluded with state exam and a degree Bachelor (Bc.); graduates from tertiary professional schools can attend only 1-year-long studium to get the degree Bachelor
- follow-up Master studies – 2-year-long study following the Bachelor studies and ending by master thesis defence and getting a degree Master (Mgr.) or other (see bellow)
- Master programme – 5– or 6-year-long, non-structured programmes ended by master thesis defence and getting a degree (all used in front of the name):
“Master”, abbreviated as “Mgr.” in most areas of study;“Engineer”, abbreviated as “Ing.”in fields of economics, technical sciences and technologies, agriculture and forestry and in military fields of study;
“Engineer Architect”, abbreviated as “Ing. arch.”, in the field of architecture;
“Doctor of Medicine”, abbreviated as “MUDr.”, in the field of medicine;
“Doctor of Dental Medicine”, abbreviated as “MDDr.”,
“Doctor of Veterinary Medicine”, abbreviated as “MVDr.”, in the field of veterinary medecine;
“Master of Fine Arts”, abbreviated as “MgA.”, in the area of the fine arts.
Holders of the academic degree of “Magistr” are endegreed to take an advanced Master’s state examination in the same area of study, defend an advanced Master’s thesis and achieve a degree in appropriate degree.
The division in Bachelor and follow-up Master programmes meets the standards of Bologna Process. It also relates to the fact, that the Czech Republic is integrated into the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS), which allows comparing the achievements gained within the international mobility.
Post-graduate degree (ISCED 6)
- 3– or 4-year-long studium completed with doctoral state examination, the defence of a doctoral thesis and gaining the degree “Doctor”, abbreviated as “Ph.D.”, or “Doctor of Theology”, abbreviated as “Th.D.”, in the field of theology.
- doctoral degree programmes are aimed at scientific research and independent creative activities in the area of research or development, or independent theoretical and creative activities in the area of the fine arts
- the studium usually takes longer than it is designed for; it is subject to individual curricula under the guidance of a supervisor.
There are three types of universities in the Czech Republic: public, state and private.
- are established and dissolved by means of an act of Parliament
- studies in the czech language is free of charge
- in case of non-czech programmes, the study is subject to a charge
- other fees are connected to entrance procedure (usualy 500 CZK per application form) or in case of exceeding the standard length of studies by more than one year longer or in case of studying of another Bachelor´s or Master´s degree programme
- there are 26 public universities in the Czech Republic now.
- There are two state universities in the Czech Republic: Police Academy, established and monitored by Ministry of the Interior, and University of Defence under the direction of Ministry of Defence
- the organization and the way of funding is slightly different from public schools
- the main aim of both schools is to educate specialists for the armed forces or for the security forces.
- are not free of charge and the fee amount is set by concerned institution
- the degree achieved at private school has the same significance as it would have at public and state universities
- currently there is almost 50 private universities in the Czech Republic.